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APA 6th Edition

This guide will assist students to cite references for common reference types. Citations will include both in-text and reference list

Electronic Articles

For more information, please see APA (6th ed. ), pp. 198-202, section 7.02 and APA Style Blog.

Example 1: Electronic Article with DOI

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of the Journal in Italics, Volume(Issue), page numbers. doi:(or https://doi.org/xxx.xxx)

Sim, I. (2016). Two ways of knowing: Big data and evidence based medicine. Annals of Internal Medicine, 164(8), 562-563. doi:10.7326/M152-2970

Example 2: Electronic Article without DOI

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of the Journal in Italics, Volume(Issue), page numbers. Retrieved from http://www.xxx.xxx

National health sleep awareness project: Sleep apnea now afflicts at least 25 million adults in the U.S. (2014, October 8). Health & Beauty Close Up. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com.db26.lnccwb.org/apps/doc/A384822158/HWRC?u=lincclin_scc&sid=HWRC&xid=9ed60c18

Example 3: Electronic Article no Author, no Pages

Title of the article. (Date published). Title of Publication, doi or retried from URL

Schwarz, A. (2016, June 9). Research links PTSD to blasts in combat. New York Times, Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/10/us/ptsd-blst-waves-research.html

Print Articles

For more information, see APA (6th ed.), pp.198-202, section 7.01 and APA Style Blog.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue), pp-pp.

Mallan, K. M., Fildes, A., Magarey, A. M., & Daniels, L. A. (2016) The relationship between number of fruits, vegetables, and noncore foods tried at age 14 months and food preferences, dietary intake patterns, fussy eating behavior, and weight status at age 3.7 years. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(4), 630-659.

Books

For more information, see APA (6th ed.), pp. 202-204, section 7.02 and APA Style Blog.

  • Example 1: Book by a single author

Author, A. (Year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Miller, C. A. (2015) Nursing for wellness in older adults (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

  • Example 2: Book by two or more authors

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Sawyer Sommers, M., & Fannin, E. F. (2015). Diseases and disorders: A nursing therapeutics manual. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis

  • Example 3: Book with DOI (Retrieved online)

Author, A. (Year). Title of work. doi:xxxxxx

Smith, F. (2004). Understanding reading: A psycholinguistic analysis of reading and learning to read. doi:10.4324/9781410610058

  • Example 4: Book by unknown author

Title of work. (Year). Location: Publisher.

Go ask Alice. (1971). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • Example 4: Electronic book (eBook)

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (Year). Title of work. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from http://www.xxx.xxx

Fains, J. A. (2017). Reading, understanding, and applying nursing research. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis. Retrieved from https://www-r2library-com.db26.lnccwb.org/Resource/Title/0803660413

Reference Books

For more information, see APA (6th ed.), pp. 202-205, section 7.02

Example 1: Reference book

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Davis, A. J. (2008). Provision 2. In Fowler, M. D. (Ed.), Guide to the code of ethics for nurses: Interpretation and application (pp. 12-21). Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.

Example 2: Dictionary in print, no author or editor

Title of entry. (date). In Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx). Location: Publisher

Digitize. (2011). In The American heritage college dictionary (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Example 3: Online Reference Book (eBook)

Title of entry. (date). In Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx). Retrieved from URL

Nikola Tesla. (2011). In Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://db26.lnccwb.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=funk&AN=TE034500&site=ehost-live

Book Chapters/Edited Books

For more information, see APA (6th ed.), pp. 202-205 section 7.02

Example 1: Book Chapter Edited Book, print version

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Toneatto, T., & Ongley, J. (2012). Buddhists. In E. Johnston Taylor (Ed.), Religion: A clinical guide for nurses (pp. 129-143). New York, NY: Springer Publishing.

Example 2: Book Chapter Edited Book, electronic version

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). doi:xxxxxxxx

Bloom, M. B., Salim, A., & Malinoski, D. J. (2015) Critical care of the organ donor. In E. A. Pretto, Jr., G. Biancofiore, A. DeWolf, J. R. Klinck (Eds.), Oxford textbook of transplant anaesthesia and critical care (pp. 69-75). doi:10.1093/med/9780199651429.003.0008

Websites

For more information, see APA Style Guide to Electronic References, pp. 31-34.

Example 1: Entire website

When you are not citing a specific page, but the entire website, it is sufficient to just give the address of the site in the text (no reference list entry is needed), as follows:

The American Medical Association is a an excellent resource for both medical professionals, as well as, the general public (https://www.ama-assn.org/).

Example 2: Page on a website

Author, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

American Medical Association. (2019). AMA history [Webpage]. Retrieved from https://www.ama-assn.org/about/ama-history/ama-history